October 22: Historical Events

October 22: Historical Events

  • October 22, 1633 – The Mind dynasty defeats the Dutch East India Company
  • October 22, 1707 – Four British naval vessels run aground on the Isles of Scilly due to faulty navigation
  • October 22, 1746 – The College of New Jersey receives its charter. It is later renamed Princeton University
  • October 22, 1784 – Russia founds a colony of settlers on Kodiak Island in Alaska
  • October 22, 1797 – André-Jacques Garnerin, an inspector in the French army who encouraged the use of balloons for military purposes, made a balloon ascent in order to give his first exhibition of parachuting, when he jumped from a height of about 3,200 feet (1,000 metres).
  • October 22, 1797 – USS Constitution: One of the first frigates built for the U.S. Navy, the Constitution (byname Old Ironsides) was launched in Boston.
  • October 22, 1805 – The Battle of Trafalgar: A fleet of 33 ships (18 French and 15 Spanish) under Admiral Pierre-Charles-Jean-Baptiste-Silvestre de Villeneuve fought and was defeated by a British fleet of 27 ships under Admiral Horatio Nelson in the Battle of Trafalgar (combat was waged west of Cape Trafalgar, Spain).
  • October 22, 1833 – Alfred Nobel: Swedish chemist, engineer, and industrialist Alfred Nobel, who invented dynamite and other more powerful explosives and who also founded the Nobel Prizes, was born in Stockholm.
  • October 22, 1836 – After helping defeat Mexico in the Texas Revolution, Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
  • October 22, 1859 – Spain declares war on Morocco
  • October 22, 1877 – The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners
  • October 22, 1884 – The Royal Observatory in Greenwich is designated as the world’s prime meridian at the International Meridian Conference
  • October 22, 1906 – French artist Paul Cézanne, considered one of the greatest of the Post-Impressionists, died at the age of 67.
  • October 22, 1907 – Franz Lehár’s operetta The Merry Widow opened in New York City.
  • October 22, 1907 – The Panic of 1907 is started by a run on the stock of the Knickerbocker Trust Company
  • October 22, 1910 – In one of the most notorious criminal cases of the 20th century, American physician Hawley Harvey Crippen (widely known as Dr. Crippen) was found guilty of murdering his wife; he was executed in a British prison the following month.
  • October 22, 1934 – Infamous criminal Charles (“Pretty Boy”) Floyd was fatally shot in a field near East Liverpool, Ohio, by FBI agents.
  • October 22, 1938 – The British gunboat Sandpiper was bombed by six Japanese aeroplanes at Changsha.
  • October 22, 1940 – American novelist Ernest Hemingway published his classic novel For Whom the Bell Tolls; it was later adapted into an acclaimed film.
  • October 22, 1941 – Gen. Robert E. Wood, acting chairman of America First committee, appealed to Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt to submit question of war or peace to vote of congress.
  • October 22, 1941 – Germans seize 100 more French hostages after slaying of nazi major in Bordeaux.
  • October 22, 1941 – Rumania denounced Vienna pact in effort to regain part of Transylvania surrendered to Hungary in Aug. 1940.
  • October 22, 1943 – French actress Catherine Deneuve, who was noted for her archetypal Gallic beauty as well as for her roles in films by some of the world’s greatest directors, was born.
  • October 22, 1952 – British government announced approval of a new constitution for the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan providing for self-government in internal affairs.
  • October 22, 1956 – George Bernays Wislocki, American anatomist, dies in Milton, Mass., at age 64.
  • October 22, 1957 – Konrad Adenauer was re-elected chancellor of west Germany in a vote of 274 to 193 by the newly elected Bundestag.
  • October 22, 1959 – The Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opened in New York City.
  • October 22, 1960 – John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon debated for the fourth and final time before the 1960 U.S. presidential election.
  • October 22, 1964 – French philosopher and writer Jean-Paul Sartre was announced the winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature; however, he became the first person to decline the award.
  • October 22, 1964 – The American musical film My Fair Lady, starring Rex Harrison and Audrey Hepburn, had its world premiere, and it later won eight Academy Awards, including that for best picture.
  • October 22, 1968 – Pres. Johnson signed a bill banning the interstate mail-order sale of rifles, shotguns, and ammunition.
  • October 22, 1975 – Venera 9, the Soviet unmanned space mission lands on Venus
  • October 22, 1976 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) bans Red Dye No. 4 after it is discovered to cause tumors in the bladders of dogs
  • October 22, 1998 – The Fisher-Price Co. recalls 10 million toy vehicles in their Power Wheels line because certain models can catch fire or fail to stop when a child is riding on them; the recall is one of the largest ever in the toy industry.
  • October 22, 2002 – The New York Times Company announces that it is buying out the Washington Post Company”s share of the International Herald Tribune; the rival companies had co-owned the respected international journal for 35 years.
  • October 22, 2003 – Ukraine offers a show of force to prevent Russian workers from building a sea wall in the Kerch Strait, between the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea; the border between Ukraine and Russia in the strait has not been agreed upon.
  • October 22, 2005 – Bellview Airlines Flight 210 crashes in Nigeria resulting in the death of all 117 people on board
  • October 22, 2007 – The legislature of Montenegro formally adopts the country”s new constitution, and it goes into effect.
  • October 22, 2008 – Chandrayaan-1, India’s first lunar space probe, was launched, and it later found water in the Moon’s atmosphere.
  • October 22, 2010 – WikiLeaks, a website founded by Julian Assange that functioned as a clearinghouse for classified or otherwise privileged information, released thousands of U.S. documents relating to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
  • October 22, 2012 – American politician and liberal activist George McGovern, who ran unsuccessfully as a reformist Democratic challenger in the 1972 presidential race against incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon, died at age 90.
  • October 22, 2014 – “The International Olympic Committee grants provisional recognition to Kosovo, making it possible for the country to compete in the 2016 Olympic Games.”
  • October 22, 2018 – American actress Julia Louis-Dreyfus, who starred in such sitcoms as Seinfeld and Veep, was officially awarded the Kennedy Center’s Mark Twain Prize for American Humor, the highest award in comedy.
  • More History

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